I happened across a short piece from St. Basil (4th century) called "An Address to Young Men on Reading Greek Literature." In it, he explains how to read the pagan authors with profit from a Christian perspective. I found it interesting because he didn't tell them just to burn those books since they were pagan. Instead, he tells the young men that there are many things they can learn from them, especially various stories of virtue. Of course, there are other things they should ignore since they don't agree with Christian faith.
Today we would call that media literacy. It's a wide field of studies.
This is a summary of his main points:
. Introduction: Out of the abundance of his experience the author will advise young men as to the pagan literature, showing them what to accept, and what to reject.
II. To the Christian the life eternal is the supreme goal, and the guide to this life is the Holy Scriptures; but since young men cannot appreciate the deep thoughts contained therein, they are to study the profane writings, in which truth appears as in a mirror.
III. Profane learning should ornament the mind, as foliage graces the fruit-bearing tree.
IV. In studying pagan lore one must discriminate between the helpful and the injurious, accepting the one, but closing one's ears to the siren song of the other.
V. Since the life to come is to be attained through virtue, chief attention must be paid to those passages in which virtue is praised; such may be found, for example, in Hesiod, Homer, Solon, Theognis, and Prodicus.
VI. Indeed, almost all eminent philosophers have extolled virtue. The words of such men should meet with more than mere theoretical acceptance, for one must try to realize them in his life, remembering that to seem to be good when one is not so is the height of injustice.
VII. But in the pagan literature virtue is lauded in deeds as well as in words, wherefore one should study those acts of noble men which coincide with the teachings of the Scriptures.
VIII. To return to the original thought, young men must distinguish between helpful and injurious knowledge, keeping clearly in mind the Christian's purpose in life. So, like the athlete or the musician, they must bend every energy to one task, the winning of the heavenly crown.
IX. This end is to be compassed by holding the body |100 under, by scorning riches and fame, and by subordinating all else to virtue.
X. While this ideal will be matured later by the study of the Scriptures, it is at present to be fostered by the study of the pagan writers; from them should be stored up knowledge for the future.
Conclusion: The above are some of the more important precepts; others the writer will continue to explain from time to time, trusting that no young man will make the fatal error of disregarding them